Technological innovation is permanent and ongoing. From time to time new discoveries came and pave the way for totally new uses and applications.
New technological possibilities and combinations of them can bring disruption not only at a product level, but also entire process of production (Arthur, 2009).
Now that the whole world is moving to the data age where physical usefulness of a human are questioned. Hence, the world and era of non-human.
The concept of robotics isn’t new nor foreign to mankind.For decades now different personalty has built and design different functional robot.
Leonardo da Vinci designed a clockwork robotic knight in the 15th century. It’s only in recent decades that technology has caught up to da Vinci’s vision.
Worldwide sales of industrial robots hit high record in 2017. And is expected to increase by at least 15 percent on average per year until 2020. This is the sign of the rapid transition towards Industrial 4th revolution.
Every industries wants an higher increase in the level of functionality and attraction. Hence,the rapid overthrowing of human workforce by Robot.
A Supply Chain Game-Changer
The Fourth Industrial Revolution has started, warehouse robotics is raging in the logistics arena. Amazon’s acquisition of Kiva. The company respected by many as being the first to introduce warehouse robotics. This brought about competition and a void that is continually being filled by new, exciting, and emerging technologies.
As per the International Federation of Robotics, robots are classified only based on mechanical structure.
“According to research, the global market for Robotic Process Automation and services have predicted that the robotic workforce growth rate annually has reach 54%. And it is predicted to reach $2.2 valuation come 2021.
He said, “It’s essential to respond to these market trends to remain competitive in today’s digital era, else you become a history.”
In general, robots are associated with the implementation of heavy-duty industrial jobs. Meaning human physical effort will be needed in a limited way. It may be needed mostly at tertiary level meaning for just distribution of the good to the final consumers. Although there are already some robot also performing this duty.
Types of Industrial Robots
An industry is a title or name exist as an umbrella which has many branches under it. What am trying to say is that Industry exist in different branches. Under this categories of people engage themselves in different human activities in other to meet up with different human wants.
This robot design features rotary joints. It ranges from simple two joint structures to 10 or more joints. These are typically used in the handling of metal casting, palatalizing, welding, and painting.
These type of Robot are commonly use in assembly applications. SCARA robots are typically used in assembly and packaging functions. The robot was called Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm, SCARA. The shape of its arm allows it to adapt to holes in the XY-axes.
Linear/ Cartesian Robots
These are also called rectilinear or gantry robots. Cartesian robots have three linear joints that use the Cartesian coordinate system (X, Y, and Z). Primarily used in: Laser Welding, Pressing, Sealing etc.
These spider-like robots are built from jointed parallelograms connected to a common base. Heavily used in the food, pharmaceutical, and electronic industries. It is best in carrying out functions such as picking and placing, assembly, and handling.
Polar/ Spherical Robot
This Robot is also called spherical robots. A spherical robot is typically made of a spherical shell. The shell serves as the body of the robot and an internal driving unit (IDU) that enables the robot to move . Spherical mobile robots typically move by rolling over surfaces. Primarily used for: Picking and Placing, Assembly, Handling.
The Cylindrical robots are used for assembly operations, handling of machine tools and die-cast machines, and spot welding. With its combined rotational joint, two rotary joints, and a linear joint, the spherical robot operates in the polar coordinate system to achieve a spherical-shaped work envelope.
Game Changing on Production and Employment
It has been estimated that by 2025, one third of all jobs in the world will be lost to robotics. The adoption will not only have consequences on the production process, but also on almost all sectors. Employment demands at company level will drastically reduce.
A report highlights the increase in digitization, hence, the greater demand for highly skilled workers. The lack of the required expatiate will result to the adoption of new theories.
IMPACT OF ROBOTIC DEVELOPMENT
During the last World Economic Forum and other notable research, institutes have written extensively about the impact of technology on work. This is notable because Artificial intelligence (AI) has advanced into finance, transportation, defense, energy management and other field.
The internet of things (IoT) is facilitated by high-speed networks and remote sensors to connect people and businesses.
In all of this, there is a possibility of a new era that could improve the lives of many people. Yet amid these possible benefits, there is widespread fear that robots and AI will take jobs and throw millions of people into poverty.
Many experts have written and asked to judged the actions of today’s robotic technology against the human activities. Answer shows that there will be higher increase in the level of inequalities. Likewise, there will be high rate of unemployment.
The change in a lot of things will also birth a new source of living. It will also create new international trade which may increase the number of developing nations.