What is 5G? Everything You Need To Know

The next generation of wireless technology, known as 5G, is just around the corner with its promising features.

The journey of making the 5G network a reality has started three years ago, when Verizon said it’d be the first major telecom company to deploy 5G field tests.

It has been foretold that the 5G Network will be the foundational tech that will supercharge areas like self-driving cars, virtual and augmented reality, and telemedicine like remote surgery.

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What is 5G?

It’s the next (fifth) generation of cellular technology which promises to greatly enhance the speed, coverage and responsiveness of wireless networks. The 5G is rumored to be 10 to 100 times speedier than your typical cellular connection, and even faster than anything you can get with a physical fiber-optic cable going into your house.

Ofcouse the 5G is not all about the speed one of the key benefits is low latency.  Latency is an expression of how much time it takes for a packet of data to get from one designated point to another. Latency is the response time between when you click on a link or start streaming a video on your phone, sending the request up to the network, and when the network responds and gives you your website or starts playing your video. The 5G is promising a fast network from like the 20 milliseconds our current network use to load to as little as 1 millisecond.

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How does 5G work?

The precise details of what 5G networks will look like remain somewhat unclear. Networking and hardware vendors are still trial-testing their technologies.

However, 5G initially used super high-frequency spectrum, which has shorter range but higher capacity, to deliver a massive pipe for online access. But given the range and interference issues, the carriers are starting to explore lower frequency spectrumthe type used in today’s networks, to help ferry 5G across greater distances and through walls and other obstructions.

The 5G network is designed to connect a far greater number of devices than a traditional cellular network. 5G can power multiple devices around you.

The 5G network was also specifically built to handle equipment used by businesses, such as farm equipment or ATMs. Beyond speed, it’s also designed to work differently on connected products that don’t need a constant connection, like a sensor for fertilizer. Those kinds of low-power scanners are designed to work on the same battery for 10 years and still be able to periodically send over data.

The first of its kind 5G service is rumored to be launch in October by Verizon. Verizon is conducting friendly user tests in the U.S.,to achieve their three years pursuit.  In particular, Verizon is looking at a mobile hotspot and home-based fixed wireless for initial 5G network deployment in 2018. The company wants to build a fiber and wireless infrastructure to deliver mobile video efficiently. AT&T on their own end is testing its own network.

The service isn’t mobile service, but a fixed broadband replacement. An installer will need to put in special equipment that can pick up the 5G signals and turn it into a Wi-Fi connection in the home so your other devices can access it.

Mobile 5G is not feasible this year, Verizon says it’ll launch its mobile 5G next year. AT&T is looking like the first company to launch a true mobile 5G service but we dont know what the outcome will be yet, but we are expectant.

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5G New Radio (NR) is the global standard for a unified, more capable 5G wireless air interface. It will deliver significantly faster and more responsive mobile broadband experiences, and extend mobile technology to connect and redefine a multitude of new industries. And Qualcomm is the R&D engine at the center of the mobile ecosystem—making 5G NR a commercial reality.

The development of the 5G NR or 5G New Radio is key to enabling the 5G mobile communications system to work and it provides a number of significant advantages when compared to 4G.

5G NR has been developed from scratch taking the requirements and looking at the best technologies and techniques that will be available when 5G starts to be deployed.

5G NR utilises modulation, waveforms and access technologies that will enable the system to meet the needs of high data rate services, those needing low latency and those needing small data rates and long battery lifetimes amongst others.

The first iteration of 5G NR appeared in 3GPP Release 15. The draft specifications for Release 15 were approved in December 2017 and are expected to be finalized in mid-2019. Release 15 forms phase one of a 5G mobile communication standard. Release 16 will provide specifications for the second phase and this is expected to be finalized in December 2019.

That’s important because it means everyone is on the same page when it comes to their mobile 5G networks. Carriers like AT&T and T-Mobile are following 5G NR as they build their networks. But Verizon, which began testing 5G as a broadband replacement service before the standard was approved, isn’t using the standard yet. The company says it’ll eventually adopt 5G NR for its broadband service, and intends to use NR for its 5G mobile network.

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